Cipro or also called as ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic, which belongs to the drug group of antimicrobials. It is basically used for the treatment of antibiotic infections. Antibiotic cipro is basically used for the treatment of internal infections such as bone and joint infections, intra-abdominal infections, some types of infectious diarrhea, skin infections, respiratory tract infections, typhoid type of fever and urinary tract infections. It can be taken orally or by any other ways. For certain specific infections cipro can also be taken along with other antibiotics. Cipro has certain side effects but they are not severe as causing cancer and I will discuss it below in this blog about some side effects of cipro.
Antibiotics are also called as antibacterial belong to the drug type of antimicrobial drugs. They are commonly used in the treatment and prevention for bacterial infections in our body. In 1928 Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin, which were the first chemical compound possessing antibiotic properties. Fleming had a culture of bacteria in which he was working in, when he found little green mold in one of the plates of cultures he was working in. He discovered that the mold which was present there either terminated or prevented the growth of the bacteria in that culture plate. The word antibiotic came from Greek origin, the Greek word for anti is against, and the word for bios is life, hence stopping the growth of a life form. The term Bacteria is the plural form of the word Bacterium, since they are found only as a group or culture, bacteria are always referred in plural form. They are microscopic organisms which of some might cause illness to other living beings on earth. Some of the illness includes tuberculosis, syphilis, and some forms of meningitis. An antibiotic can only treat the infection of bacterial infections; they are not effective against any virus attacks some of which are common cold or the influenza.
Antibiotics work usually in 2 ways, Bactericidal and Bacteriostatic. A bactericidal antibiotic entirely kills all the bacteria. Penicillin is a type of bactericidal which usually deals with the formation of the cell wall or cell contents of the bacterium. A bacteriostatic ceases the bacteria from multiplying further more. Antibiotics are used for treatment against micro organisms which are bacteria, parasites and fungi. But they are not at all effective against viruses. So if you have an infection, it is very important that you check whether is it caused by a bacteria or a virus. Mostly upper respiratory tract infections which are the common cold and sore throats are generally caused by viruses, hence antibiotics does not work against common flu or common cold like diseases.
Is Cipro harmful?
Cipro or also known as ciprofloxacin and it belongs to the group of drugs called fluoroquinolones. It fights against the bacteria in human body. If you have a history in muscle disorder you should not be able to use ciprofloxacin. Ask your doctor for a treatment for myasthenia gravis. Ciprofloxacin might cause swelling or tearing of a tendon in the heel of the foot. A tendon is the special type of fiber like muscle that connects bones to muscle in your body. These cipro tablets can be bought in 250 mg and 500 mg strengths. They are usually in white and mild yellowish in color. They have certain inactive ingredients in them which are cornstarch, silicon dioxide, micro crystalline cellulose, titanium dioxide and polyethylene glycol. Before taking cipro tablets inform your doctor if you have any allergic reactions for antibiotics such as gemifloxacin, norfloxacin, levofloxacin, etc. This tablet contains few inactive items in it which might cause allergic reactions to you based upon to which medications you are allergic to. Ciprofloxacin should be taken for every 12 hours. Follow the prescription in all matters. Do not take the tablets in very large amount or very smaller amounts too or for longer duration than the prescribed time duration. Always take the tablets with a glass full of water which would be at least 8 ounces of water. You also should have to increase the fluid intake for your body for each day when you start taking this medication.