Digoxin is made from the leaves of the plant called as digitalis lanata. This drug is the generic formulation of Lanoxin. The half-life of the pill is about 36 to 48 hours. The route of administration is oral as well as intravenous.
Digoxin is used in treating conditions like atrial fibrillation, abnormal heart rate, as well as heart failure. When the condition is treated, it helps the patient to provoke the ability to walk, or do any exercise as well as strengthens the heart. Certain risks like blood clots, heart attack and stroke can be reduced when an individual takes medication for irregular heart rate. The working mechanism of the drug is that, it affects minerals like sodium or potassium which is present inside heart cells. This reduces the strain that happens in the heart and helps a patient to achieve a normal and a steady heart rate.
Digoxin is available as both tablet and injectable forms. The dosage strengths of compressed tablets are 0.125 mg, 0.25 mg, and 0.50 mg. The individual dosages are prescribed by the healthcare provider based on the age and weight of the patient, apart from the condition being treated.
Liquid form of this drug is also available in the market. It is essential to measure the liquid form of this drug with a dose-measuring spoon. Never use a household spoon for measuring the dose. The blood test as well as kidney function tests should be done at regular intervals while taking this drug.
Do not stop taking Digoxin suddenly to prevent side effects as well as withdrawal of symptoms. Only the drug which is formulated in an authentic way provides a therapeutic effect on the body.
Vomiting, loss of appetite, nausea, bloody or tarry stools, blurred vision, unusual behavior, hallucinations, enlarged breasts in men, depression and weakness are a few side effects that may be caused by Digoxin. To avoid any effects to the patients, it is wise to consult with the medical practitioner regarding certain medical ailments. Heart conditions like “AV block”, heart attack, Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome, thyroid disorder, kidney disease, and electrolyte imbalance are some among them.
Digoxin should be consumed only after consulting with the doctor and getting the correct dosage prescribed for you. Any drug allergies and medical history would affect the way this medication works in the body. Inform the doctor regarding such allergies, recent incidence of heart attack, kidney problems, thyroid disorder, any other heart conditions, and if you have an electrolyte imbalance. Pregnant and breast-feeding are advised not to take this drug unless it is the only option. Children with heart conditions who are administered with this drug should be carefully monitored for any complications.
Taking certain drugs together would affect the way Digoxin works. It could worsen the health condition of the patient. Hence it is important not to take those drugs together. Drugs that are diuretics and steroids can interact adversely if taken with Digoxin. Azole antifungals, Amiodarone, Lapatinib, Macrolide antibiotics, Rifampin, Dronedarone, and Propafenone are a few medications that may cause interaction.