To put it in simple words diabetes is a condition in which your body’s sugar level or glucose levels increase in your blood stream. Insulin is the substance which transfers your sugar content to the cells of your body. Hence there is no adequate amount of insulin to move the sugar to your cells, where the sugar or glucose is used to make energy. This causes our body to rely on alternative energy sources from our muscles, tissues and organs. Type 2 diabetes will develop slowly and by a chain reaction involving various problems.
Some of the symptoms are
• Lack of energy
• Weight loss
• Dry mouth
• Itchy skin
• Blurry vision
• Slow healing wounds
• Discolored patches on your skin
• Foot pain
Symptoms such as excessive hunger, weight loss, lack of energy, dry mouth etc are all mild and early symptoms that denotes you might be affected by type 2 diabetes. If you do not so much care about these symptoms, the disease progresses more severe to give more symptoms. The severe symptoms would be slow healing wounds and cuts, discolored patches on skin, foot pain etc. These symptoms are usually caused when the sugar level in your body is increased. Some research has shown that there are ways of preventing type 2 diabetes, or at least slowing its process of affecting you. When you start noticing early symptoms for diabetes type 2, life style changes can help you in major ways. This would mean becoming more active than before and staying active. Losing extra weight, eating better food are important steps you can take. In some studies being obese or fat was the most important factor which leads to diabetes for that person. But it also proved that continuous exercise and workouts for 16years, which is by at least doing workout for 30 minutes a day and five days per week and food diet with low fat and high fiber resulted in helping to prevent from diabetes type 2.
Actos- the effective treatment for diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is said as Insulin resistance, because the body cells do not respond properly when insulin is present in the blood. Hence this is a more severe problem than type 1 diabetes. This is also easier to treat sometimes when insulin is produced in the earlier stages. Type 2 can go unnoticed for many years by the patient since it has only mild symptoms to get aware of. But serious problems can be created by type 2 other than diabetes. Actos is one of the effective treatment suggested for type 2 diabetes. It helps in maintaining blood sugar levels. Actos is available in both brand and generic form. The generic name for it is pioglitazone. Pioglitazone is from the group of thiazolidinediones which are used in treatment for type 2 diabetes. People who are affected by type 2 cannot secrete enough insulin in their body, since it is the hormone secreted by the pancreas which helps in taking the sugar and glucose content to every cell in our body. Since the amount of insulin is less in the blood, the glucose content is not transferred to the cells in our body which causes to increase in glucose level in the blood. Now pioglitazone’s work is to increase the sensitivity of the cells to make it more responsive against low amount of insulin in the blood. But at least some amount of insulin must be produced in the pancreas for the pioglitazone to work effectively. This also reduces the amount of glucose secretion in your blood by the liver to balance the amount of glucose with the less amount of insulin secreted. Actos is effective only against type 2 but not type 1 diabetes. Type 1 would be of a special kind where the body cannot produce any amount of insulin at all. Hence actos can also be harmful for patients with type 1 diabetes. Actos is sometimes prescribed along with other tablets such as glyburide and metformin. Actos does not actually cure diabetes type 2. They only can prevent it from getting it more severe. It is available in various quantities as 15mg, 30 mg and 45 mg doses. The dosage of this medication depends on age, weight, severity of the disease and severity and physician’s recommendation.